A rare total Solar Eclipse to happen on 20th April 2023, is considered to be a Hybrid one occurring after centuries. This eclipse begins at sunrise in the southern Indian Ocean and visits only three countries; Australia, Timor-Leste, and Indonesia. The eclipse ends at sunset in the Pacific Ocean just above the equator near the International Date Line.
Solar Eclipse – The significance and occurrence
What makes this eclipse different from most, is that it begins as an annular and a rare hybrid solar eclipse, quickly transitions to a total solar eclipse, and ends as an annular solar eclipse again. The partial phases are the same as any other annular or total eclipse. This type of eclipse is called an annular-total or hybrid solar eclipse. The maximum duration of the total phase of an eclipse is 1 minute and 16 seconds near Timor-Leste. This annular-total solar eclipse is the first of a remarkable series that Australia will enjoy in the coming decades. After this eclipse, the Moon’s shadow will again visit Australia in 2028, 2030, 2037, 2038, 2066, 2068, 2077, and 2093
Solar Eclipse – The best seat in the house
The Moon’s shadow then races to the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste where eclipse visitors on boats can enjoy snorkeling and scuba diving. The point of the maximum eclipse is close to Timor-Leste. Next, the eclipse crosses several islands of Indonesia and the provinces of West Papua and Papua in the easternmost extent of Indonesia. The last landfall of the eclipse is at the Shouten Islands and the path later comes very close to several islands of the Micronesian archipelago.
It is imperative to take steps to protect your eyes from solar retinopathy – permanent eye damage caused by looking at directly at the Sun. Expert guidelines advise people to never look at the Sun or an eclipse with the naked eye. Any direct viewing should only be done with the correct use of approved solar eclipse glasses that meet an international safety standard known as ISO 12312-2.
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